Climate as a Complex System

Analysis beyond observation and simulation

2021


Biemond, B., M. Amadori, M. Toffolon, S. Piccolroaz, H. van Haren, and H. A. Dijkstra. Deep-mixing and deep-cooling events in Lake Garda, J. Limnology, accepted , (2021) .

Woosok Moon, Manucharyan, G. and H. A. Dijkstra. Eddy memory as a cause of intra-seasonal variability of the Southern Hemisphere baroclinic annular mode, QJRMS, accepted, (2021).

Amadori, M.,
Giovannini L., Toffolon, M., Piccolroaz, S., Zardi, D., Bresciani, M., Giardino, C., Luciani, G., Kliphuis, M., Van Haren, H. and H.A. Dijkstra. Multi-scale evaluation of a 3D lake model forced by an atmospheric model against standard monitoring data, Environmental Modelling and Software, 139, 105017, (2021).

M. Kaandorp, H. A. Dijkstra and E. van Sebille, Modelling size distributions of marine plastics under the influence of continuous cascading fragmentations, Environ. Res. Letters, accepted, (2021).

Van Westen, R. and H. A. Dijkstra, Ocean Eddies Strongly Affect Global Mean Sea-level Projections, Science Advances, 7, eabf1764, (2021).

E. Mulder, H. Goelzer, F.W. Wubs and H. A. Dijkstra.  Snowball Earth Bifurcations in a Fully-Implicit Earth System Model, International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, accepted, (2020) .

Juling, A., Xun Zhang, Castellana, D., Von der Heydt, A.S. and Dijkstra, H.A. The Atlantic's Freshwater Budget under Climate Change in the Community Earth System Model with Strongly Eddying Oceans. Ocean Science, accepted, (2021).

C. van der Boog, H. A. Dijkstra, J. Pietrzak and C. A. Katsman,
Double-diffusive mixing makes a small contribution to the global ocean circulation, Communications Earth & Environment, 2:46, https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-021-00113-x, (2021)

Boot, D., R. van Westen and H. A. Dijkstra. Multidecadal Polynya Formation in a Conceptual (Box) Model, Ocean Science, 17, 335-350, (2021).

Wang, P., Castellana, D. and H. A. Dijkstra. Improvements to the use of the Trajectory-Adaptive Multilevel Sampling algorithm for the study of rare events. Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 28, 135-151, (2021).

C. van der Boog; O. Koetsier, H. A. Dijkstra; C. A. Katsman and J. Pietrzak,
Global dataset of thermohaline staircases obtained from Argo floats and Ice Tethered Profilers, Earth System Science Data , 13, 43-61, (2021)

R. Bastiaansen, H. A. Dijkstra and Von der Heydt, A.S., Multivariate Estimations of Equilibrium Climate Sensitivity from Short Transient Warming Simulations, Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GLO091090, (2021)

Swinda K.J. Falkena, Courtney Quinn, Jan Sieber and H.A. Dijkstra, A Delay Equation Model for the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 477: 20200659, (2021).

D. Wichmann, Kehl, C., H. A. Dijkstra, E. van Sebille, Ordering of trajectories reveals hierarchical finite-time coherent sets in Lagrangian particle data: detecting Agulhas rings in the South Atlantic Ocean, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 28, 43-59, (2021).

Mark M. Dekker, Rolf N. van Lieshout, Robin C. Ball, Paul C. Bouman, Stefan C. Dekker, Henk A. Dijkstra, Rob M.P. Goverde, Dennis Huisman, Debabrata Panja, Alfons A.M. Schaafsma, Marjan van den Akker. A Next Step in Disruption Management: Combining Operations Research and Complexity Science, Public Transport, doi.org/10.1007/s12469-021-00261-5, (2021).

Von der Heydt, A.S., Ashwin, P, Camp. C.D., Crucifix, M. Dijkstra, H. A., Ditlevsen, P. and Lenton, T. Quantification and Interpretation of the Climate Variability Record, Global Planetary Change, 197, 103399, (2021)

H. van Haren, S. Piccolroaz, M. Amadori, M. Toffolon, and H. A. Dijkstra. Moored observations of turbulent mixing events in deep Lake Garda (I), J. Limnology, 80, 1983-1995, (2021) .

H. van Haren and H. A. Dijkstra. Convection under internal waves in an alpine lake, Env. Fluid Mechanics, 21, 305-316, (2021) .

2020


Castellana, D. and H. A. Dijkstra, Noise-induced Transitions of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in CMIP5 models, Scientific Reports, 10: 20040, (2020).

Baatsen, M., Von der Heyd, A.S., Huber, M., Kliphuis, M., Bijl, P., Sluijs, A. and H. A. Dijkstra. The middle-to-late Eocene greenhouse climate, modelled using the CESM 1.0.5, Climate of the Past, 16, 2573-2597, (2020)

Van Westen, R. and H. A. Dijkstra,
Multidecadal Preconditioning of the Maud Rise Polynya Region, Ocean Science, 16, 1443-1457, (2020).

Lennart Keyzer, Peter Herman; Bob Smits; Julie Pietrzak; Rebecca James; Adam Candy; Riccardo Riva; Tjeerd Bouma; Carine van der Boog; Caroline Katsman; D.C. Slobbe; Marcel Zijlema; René van Westen; Henk Dijkstra, The potential of coastal ecosystems to mitigate the impact of sea-level rise in shallow tropical bays , Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science , 246, 107050, (2020)

Baars, S., Castellana, D., Wubs, F.W. and
H. A. Dijkstra, Application of Adaptive Multilevel Splitting to High-Dimensional Dynamical Systems, J. Comp. Physics, 424, 109876, (2020).

D. Wichmann, Kehl, C., H. A. Dijkstra, E. van Sebille,
Detecting flow features in scarce trajectory data using networks derived from symbolic itineraries: an application to surface drifters in the North Atlantic, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 27, 501-518, (2020).

P. D. Nooteboom, P. Delandmeter, E. van Sebille, P. Bijl, H. A. Dijkstra and A.S. von der Heydt, Resolution dependency of sinking Lagrangian particles in ocean general circulation models, PLOS-ONE,
15, 9, 0238650 (2020).


M. Kaandorp, H. A. Dijkstra and E. van Sebille, Closing the Mediterranean Marine Floating Plastic Mass Budget: Inverse Modelling of Sources and Sinks, Environ. Sci. Technol., 54, 11980-11989, (2020).

Van Westen, R. and the SCENES team, Ocean Model Resolution Dependence of Caribbean Sea-Level Projections, Scientific Reports, 10, 14599, (2020).

Amadori, M., S. Piccolroaz, H.A. Dijkstra, and M. Toffolon, What makes an elongated lake ‘large’? Scales from wind-driven steady circulation on a rotating Earth, Journal of Great Lakes Research, 46(4), 703-717, doi:10.1016/j.jglr.2019.10.013., (2020).


James, R. K; Lynch, A.; Herman, P. van Katwijk, M.; van Tussenbroek, B.; Dijkstra, H. A.; van Westen, R.; van der Boog, C.; Klees, R.; Pietrzak, J.; Slobbe, C.; Bouma, T., Tropical biogeomorphic seagrass landscapes for coastal protection: persistence and wave attenuation under major storms events, Ecosystems, 24, 301-318, (2020)


Juling, A., Dijkstra, H.A., Hogg, A. and Moon, W. Multidecadal Variability in the Climate System: Phenomena and Mechanisms. The European Physical Journal Plus, 135, 506-528, (2020).

Ping Chang, Ingo Richter, Henk A. Dijkstra, Claudia Wieners and Timothy A. Myers,
Atmosphere-Ocean Interactions, in Interacting climates of Ocean Basins, ed. C. Mechoso, Cambridge University Press, 89-119, (2020).

James, R. et al., Water motion and vegetation control the pH dynamics in seagrass-dominated bays, Limnology and Oceanography, 65, 349-362, (2020).


Henk A. Dijkstra. Dynamical systems approaches to climate variability, in Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics, ed. A. Venaille, F. Bouchet, T. Schneider, and C. Salomon, Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School, Volume 109, Oxford University Press, 96-182, (2020)

Ann Kristin Klose, Rene van Westen and Henk A. Dijkstra. Phase synchronization of the Kuroshio Current System, Ocean Science, 16, 1-15, (2020)

Paul Petersik and Henk A. Dijkstra.
Probabilistic forecasting of El Niño using neural network models, Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2019GLO86423, (2020).

J. Venkata Ratnam, Henk A. Dijkstra and Swadhin Behera.
A machine learning based prediction system for the Indian Ocean Dipole, Scientific Reports, 10, 248 , (2020).

Chekroun, M., Tantet, A., Dijkstra, H.A. and Neelin, J.D., Ruelle-Pollicott Resonances of Stochastic Systems in Reduced State Space. Part I: Theory, J. Stat Physics, 179, 1366-1402, (2020).

Tantet, A., Chekroun, M., Dijkstra, H.A. and Neelin, J.D., Ruelle-Pollicott Resonances of Stochastic Systems in Reduced State Space. Part II: Stochastic Hopf bifurcation, J. Stat Physics, 179, 1403-1448, (2020).

Tantet, A., Chekroun, M., Neelin, J.D. and Dijkstra, H.A. Ruelle-Pollicott Resonances of Stochastic Systems in Reduced State Space. Part III: Application to the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, J. Stat Physics, 1449-1474, (2020).

2019



Castellana, D., Baars, S., Wubs, F.W. and H. A. Dijkstra, Transition Probabilities of Noise-induced Transitions of the Atlantic Ocean Circulation, Scientific Reports, 9:20284, (2019).

Rebecca K. James, Rodolfo Silva Casarn, Brigitta I. van Tussenbroek, Mireille Escudero-Castillo, Ismael Mario-Tapia, Henk A. Dijkstra, Ren M. van Westen, Julie D. Pietrzak, Adam S. Candy, Caroline A. Katsman, Carine van der Boog, Riccardo E. M. Riva, Cornelis Slobbe, Roland Klees, Johan Stapel, Tjisse van der Heide, Marieke M. van Katwijk, Peter M. J. Herman, Tjeerd J. Bouma, Maintaining tropical beaches with seagrass and algae: a promising alternative to engineering solutions, Bioscience, 69, 136-142, (2019).

J. P. Viebahn, D. Crommelin and
H. A. Dijkstra, Towards a turbulence closure based on energy modes, J. Phys. Oceanography, 49, 1075-1097, (2019).

S.L. Ypma, N. Bruggemann, S. Georgioua, P. Spence, H.A. Dijkstra, J.D. Pietrzak, C.A. Katsman, Pathways and watermass transformation of Atlantic Water entering the Nordic Seas through Denmark Strait in two high resolution ocean models, Deep-Sea Research I, 145, 59-72, (2019).

Andrew Keane, Bernd Krauskopf and H.A. Dijkstra, The effect of state dependence in a delay differential equation model for the El Nio Southern Oscillation, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., 377: 20180121, (2019).

Piccolroaz, S., Amadori, M., Toffolon, M. and H.A. Dijkstra, Importance of planetary rotation for ventilation processes in deep elongated lakes: Evidence from Lake Garda (Italy), Scientific Reports, 9, 8290-8302, (2019).

Swinda K.J. Falkena, Courtney Quinn, Jan Sieber, Jason Frank, and H.A. Dijkstra, Derivation of Delay Equation Climate Models Using the Mori-Zwanzig Formalism, Proceedings of the Royal Soc. A, 475, 20190075, (2019).

Dekker, M., Panja, D., Dekker, S. and H.A. Dijkstra, Prediction of transitions across macroscopic states for railway systems, PLOS-One , 14(6): e0217710, (2019).

Helwegen, K.G., Wieners, C.E., Frank, J.E. and H.A. Dijkstra, Complementing CO2 emission reduction by solar radiation management might strongly enhance future welfare, Earth Syst. Dynam., 10, 453-472, (2019).

Sayol, J.M., H.A. Dijkstra and Katsman, C.A., Seasonal and regional variations of sinking in the subpolar North Atlantic from a high-resolution ocean model, Ocean Science, 15, 1033-1053, (2019).

C.G. van der Boog, M.F. de Jong, M. Scheidat, M.F. Leopold, S.C.V. Geelhoed, K. Schultz, J.D. Pietrzak, H.A. Dijkstra and C.A. Katsman, Hydrographic and Biological Survey of a Surface-Intensified
Anticyclonic Eddy in the Caribbean Sea, J.Geophys. Res. Oceans, 124, 6235-6251 (2019).

P. D. Nooteboom, P. Bijl, E. van Sebille, A.S. von der Heydt and H. A. Dijkstra, Transport bias by ocean currents in sedimentary microplankton assemblages: Implications for paleoceanographic reconstructions, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, in press (2019).

J. Venkata Ratnam, Henk Dijkstra, Takeshi Doi, Yushi Morioka, Masami Nonaka, and Swadhin Behera, Improving seasonal forecasts of air temperature using a genetic algorithm, Scientific Reports, 9, 12781, (2019).

Dijkstra, H.A., Numerical Bifurcation Methods applied to Climate Models: Analysis beyond Simulation, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 26, 359-369, (2019).

Dijkstra, H.A, Paul Petersik, Emilio Hernández-García and Cristobal López, The application of Machine Learning Techniques to improve El Nino prediction skill, Frontiers in Physics, 7, 153, (2019).

Van der Boog, C. and the SCENES team, The Impact of Upwelling on the Intensification of Anticyclonic Ocean Eddies in the Caribbean Sea, Ocean Science, 15, 1419-1437,
(2019).

Wichmann, D., Delandmeter, P., Dijkstra, H. A. van Sebille, E., Mixing of passive tracers at the ocean surface and its implications for plastic transport modelling, Environmental Research Communications, in press (2019).

C.E. Wieners, W.P.M. de Ruijter, H. A. Dijkstra, The interaction between the Western Indian Ocean and ENSO in CESM, Climate Dynamics, 52, 5153-5172,  (2019).


2018



David Ferreira, Paola Cessi, Helen Coxall, Agatha de Boer, H. A. Dijkstra, Sybren S. Drijfhout, Tor Eldevik, Nili Harnik, J. F. McManus, David P. Marshall, Johan Nilsson, Fabien Roquet, Tapio Schneider, Robert C. Wills, Atlantic-Pacific asymmetry in deep water formation, Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Science, 46, 327-352 (2018).

A. Tantet, V. Lucarini and
H. A. Dijkstra, Resonances in a Chaotic Attractor Crisis of the Lorenz Flow. J. Statistical Physics, 170, 584-616 (2018).

Mulder, T. E. , Baars, S., Wubs, F.W. and
H. A. Dijkstra, Stochastic marine ice sheet variability, J. Fluid Mechanics, 843, 748-777, (2018)

Baatsen, M., Kliphuis, M., Viebahn, J.,
H. A. Dijkstra and Von der Heydt, A.S., Multiple States in the Late Eocene Ocean Circulation, Global and Planetary Change, 163, 18-28 (2018).

A. Tantet, V. Lucarini, F. Lunkeut and
H. A. Dijkstra, Crisis of the Chaotic Attractor of a Climate Model: A Transfer Operator Approach, Nonlinearity, 31, 2221-2251 (2018).

R. van Westen,
H. A. Dijkstra and the SCENES team, Mechanisms of the 40-70 day Variability in the Yucatan Channel Volume Transport, J. Geophysical Research, 123, 1286-1300 (2018).

C.A. Katsman, S.S. Drijfhout,
H. A. Dijkstra and M.A. Spall, Sinking of Dense North Atlantic Waters in a Global Ocean Model: Location and Controls, J. Geophysical Research, 123, 35633576, (2018).

P. D. Nooteboom, Q.Y. Feng, C> López, E. Hernández-García, and
H. A. Dijkstra, Using network theory and machine learning to predict El Niño, Earth System Dynamics, 9, 969-983 (2018).

F.J.M.M. Nijsse and
H. A. Dijkstra, A mathematical approach to understanding emergent constraints, Earth System Dynamics, 9, 999-1012 (2018).

M. Aengenheyster, Q.Y. Feng, F. van der Ploeg and
H. A. Dijkstra, The point of no return for climate action: effects of climate uncertainty and risk tolerance, Earth System Dynamics, 9, 1085-1095 (2018).

D. Castellana, F.W. Wubs and H. A. Dijkstra, A statistical significance test for sea-level variability, Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System,  3, 116 doi:10.1093/climsys/dzy008, (2018).

M.M.Dekker, A.S. vonder Heydt and H. A. Dijkstra, Cascading transitions in the climate system, Earth System Dynamics,  9, 12431260, (2018).

A. Juling, J. P. Viebahn, S. S. Drijfhout and H. A. Dijkstra, Energetics of the Southern Ocean Mode, J. Geophysical Research Oceans, 123, 92839304,  (2018).

F. Sevellec,
H. A. Dijkstra, S. S. Drijfhout, A. Germe, Dynamical attribution of oceanic prediction uncertainty in the North Atlantic - Application to the design of optimal monitoring systems, Climate Dynamics, 51, Issue 4, pp 1517–1535 (2018).

H. A. Dijkstra, Multiple equilibria of the climate system, Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science, DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190228620.013.85 (2018).


2017



S.-E. Brunnabend, H. A. Dijkstra, M. A. Kliphuis, H. E. Bal, F. Seinstra, B. van Werkhoven, J. Maassen, and M. van Meersbergen. Changes in extreme regional sea level under global warming, Ocean Sci., 13, 47–60, (2017).

S.-E. Brunnabend and
H. A. Dijkstra, Asymmetric response of the Atlantic Meridional Ocean Circulation to freshwater anomalies in a strongly-eddying global ocean model, Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 69:1, 1-15 (2017).
C. E. Wieners,
H. A. Dijkstra, W. P.M. de Ruijter. The influence of the Indian Ocean on ENSO stability and flavour, J. Climate, 30, 2601-2620, (2017).

Baars, S., J. P. Viebahn, T. E. Mulder, C. Kuehn, F.W. Wubs,
H. A. Dijkstra, Continuation of Probability Density Functions using a Generalized Lyapunov Approach, J. Comp. Physics, 336, 627-643, (2017).

M. Toffolon, S. Piccolroaz and
H. A. Dijkstra, A plunge into the depths of Lake Garda (Italy), EOS, 98, https://doi.org/10.1029/2017EO074499, (2017).

Q. Wang, Y. Tang and
H. A. Dijkstra, An optimization strategy for identifying parameter sensitivity in atmosphere and ocean models, Monthly Weather Review, 145, 3293-3304, (2017). 

N. Bruggemann, C. A. Katsman and
H. A. Dijkstra On the vorticity dynamics of the downwelling branch of the AMOC, CLIVAR exchanges, 71, 10-12 (2017).

T. E. Mulder, M. Baatsen, F.W. Wubs,
H. A. Dijkstra, Efficient computation of past global ocean circulation patterns using continuation in paleobathymetry ,Ocean Modeling, 115, 77-85, (2017).

A. Oosterwijk,
H. A. Dijkstra, and T. van Leeuwn, An adjoint-free method to determine conditional nonlinear optimal perturbations, Computers and Geosciences, 106, 190–199 (2017).

B. C. van Zalinge, Q. Y. Feng, M. Aengenheyster, and
H. A. Dijkstra. On determining the point of no return in climate change, Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 707–717 (2017).

I. Pelupessy, B. van Werkhoven, A. van Elteren, J. Viebahn, A. Candy, S. Portegies Zwart and
H. A. Dijkstra. The Oceanographic Multipurpose Software Environment (OMUSE v1.0), Geoscientific Model Development, 10, 3167–3187, (2017).

R. van Westen and
H. A. Dijkstra, Southern Ocean Origin of Multidecadal Variability in the North Brazil Current, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 10,540-10,548 (2017).


C. E. Wieners,
H. A. Dijkstra, W. P.M. de Ruijter. The influence of atmospheric convection on the interaction between the Indian Ocean and ENSO., J. Climate, 30, 10,155-10,178, (2017).

H. A. Dijkstra and A.S. von der Heydt, Basic mechanisms of centennial climate variabilit, Past Global Changes Magazine, 25, 150-151 (2017).

J. Guckenheimer, A. Timmermann,
H. A. Dijkstra and A.J. Roberts, (Un)predictability of large ENSO events. Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System, 2, 1-12 (2017).

Q. Feng and
H. A. Dijkstra, Climate Network Stability Measures of El Nino Variability, Chaos, 27, 035801; doi: 10.1063/1.4971784 (2017).


2016

H. A. Dijkstra. Understanding Climate Variability using Dynamical Systems Theory, in The Fluid Dynamics of Climate, ed. A. Provenzale, E. Palazzi and K. Fraedrich, CISM, 564, 1-38 (2016).

H. A. Dijkstra. Response of the Atlantic Ocean Circulation to North Atlantic freshwater perturbations, in Dynamics and Predictability of Large-Scale, High-Impact Weather and Climate Events, ed. J. Li, R. Swinbank, R. Grotjahn, and H. Volkert, Cambridge University Press, 239-254, (2016).

C.E. Wieners, W.P.M. de Ruijter, W. Ridderinkhof, A.S. von der Heydt, and
H. A. Dijkstra. Coherent tropical Indo-Pacific interannual climate variability: Indo-Pacific ENSO modes. J. Climate, 29, 4269-4291 (2016).

Z. Zu, Mu Mu,
H. A. Dijkstra, Optimal initial excitations of decadal modification of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation under the prescribed heat and freshwater flux boundary conditions, J. Phys. Oceanography, 46, 2029–2047, (2016).

Z. Yin, S.C. Dekker, M. Rietkerk, B.J.J.M. van den Hurk, and
H. A. Dijkstra, Network based early warning indicators of vegetation changes in a land-atmosphere model, Ecological Complexity, 26, 68–78 (2016).

D. le Bars, J. Viebahn and
H. A. Dijkstra, A Southern Ocean Mode of Multidecadal Variability, Geophysical Research Letters, doi: 10.1002/2016GL068177, (2016).

J. Viebahn, D. le Bars, A. vonder Heydt, and
H. A. Dijkstra, Effects of Drake Passage on a strongly eddying global ocean, Paleoceanography, 31, 564–581, doi:10.1002/2015PA002888, (2016).

J. Maassen, B. van Werkhoven, M. van Meersbergen, H. E. Bal, M. Kliphuis, S. E. Brunnabend,
H. A. Dijkstra, G. van Malenstein, M. de Vos, S. Kuijpers, S. Boele, J. Wolfrat, N. Hill, D. Wallom, C. Grimm, D. Kranzlmuller, M. Santcroos, S. Jha, Y. El Khamra, F. O. Bryan, B. Kirtman, F. J. Seinstra, On the Complexities of Utilizing Large-Scale Lightpath-Connected Distributed Cyberinfrastructure, Concurrency Computations: Pract. Exper., 10.1002/cpe.3853, (2016).

M. Baatsen, D. J. J. van Hinsbergen, A. S. von der Heydt,
H. A. Dijkstra, A. Sluijs, H. A. Abels, and P. K. Bijl, A generalised approach to reconstructing geographical boundary conditions for palaeoclimate modelling, Climate of the Past, 12, 1635–1644, (2016).

Z. Yin, S. C. Dekker, B. J. J. M. van den Hurk and
H. A. Dijkstra, The climatic imprint of bimodal distributions in vegetation cover for western Africa, Biogeosciences, 13, 3343-3357, (2016).

A. S. von der Heydt,
H. A. Dijkstra, R. S. W. van de Wal, R. Caballero, M. Crucifix, G. L. Foster, M. Huber, P. Kohler, E. Rohling, P. J. Valdes, P. Ashwin, S. Bathiany, T. Berends, L. G. J. van Bree, P. Ditlevsen, M. Ghil, A. M. Haywood, J. Katzav, G. Lohmann, J. Lohmann, V. Lucarini, A. Marzocchi, H. Palike, I. Ruvalcaba Baroni, D. Simon, A. Sluijs, L. B. Stap, A. Tantet, J. Viebahn, M. Ziegler, Lessons on Climate Sensitivity From Past Climate Changes, Curr Clim Change Reports, DOI 10.1007/s40641-016-0049-3, (2016).

L. Hahn-Woernle,
H. A. Dijkstra, and Hans J. van der Woerd, 2016: Vertical Mixing Derived from Surface Chlorophyll-a Concentrations of the North Atlantic Ocean. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 33, 2165–2183, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-16-0053.1.


H. A. Dijkstra, A. Tantet, J. Viebahn, E. Mulder, M. Hebbink, D. Castellane, H. van den Pol, S. Baars, F. Wubs, M. Chekroun, C. Kuehn, A numerical framework to understand transitions in highdimensional stochastic dynamical systems, Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System, 1, doi:10.1093/climsys/dzw003, (2016).

Bathiany, S.,
H. A. Dijkstra, M. Crucifix, V. Dakos, V. Brovkin, M. S. Williamson, T. M. Lenton, M. Scheffer. Beyond bifurcation – using complex models to understand and predict abrupt climate change, Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System, 1, doi:10.1093/climsys/dzw004, (2016).

H. A. Dijkstra. A normal mode perspective of intrinsic ocean-climate variability, Annual Reviews of Fluid Mechanics, 48: 341-36, (2016).


2015

Tantet, A., F. van der Burgt, and H. A. Dijkstra, An early warning indicator for atmospheric blocking event using transfer operators, Chaos, 25, 036406, doi: 10.1063/1.4908174 (2015).

H. Ihshaish, A. Tantet, J. C. M. Dijkzeul, and
H. A. Dijkstra, Par@Graph – a parallel toolbox for the construction and analysis of large complex climate networks, Geoscientific Model Development, 8, 3321–3331, (2015).

H. A. Dijkstra, T. Sengul, J. Shen, S. Wang. Dynamic Transitions of Quasi-Geostrophic Channel Flow, SIAM J. Applied Mathematics, 75, 2361–2378, (2015).

K. D. A. Mojica, W. H. van de Poll, M. Kehoe, J. Huisman, K. R. Timmermans, A. G. J. Buma, H. J. van der Woerd, L. Hahn-Woernle,
H. A. Dijkstra and C. P. D. Brussaard. Phytoplankton community structure in relation to vertical stratification along a north-south gradient in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean, Limnology and Oceanography, 60, 1498–1521, (2015).

H. A. Dijkstra. Book review on Mathematics and Climate (Kaper and Engler), The Mathematical Intelligercer, 37:101-102, (2015).

H. A. Dijkstra and J. Viebahn. Sensitivity and Resilience of the Climate System: a Conditional Nonlinear Optimization Approach, Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation, 22, 13-22, (2015).

J. F. Donges, J. Heitzig, B. Beronov, M. Wiedermann, J. Runge, Q.Y. Feng, L. Tupikina, V. Stolbova, R. V. Donner, N. Marwan,
H. A. Dijkstra, and J. Kurths, Unified functional network and nonlinear time series analysis for complex systems science: The pyunicorn package, Chaos 25, 113101 (2015).


2014


Tantet, A. and H. A. Dijkstra, An interaction network perspective on the relation between patterns of sea surface temperature variability and global mean surface temperature. Earth System Dynamics, 4, 1-14 (2014).

H. A. Dijkstra, Will the Atlantic Ocean Circulation collapse before the end of this century, in Handbook of Global Environmental Change, ed. B. Freedman, Springer,  85-95, (2014).

H. A. Dijkstra, Fred W. Wubs, Andrew K. Cliffe, Eusebius Doedel, Ioana F. Dragomirescu, Bruno Eckhardt, Alexander Yu. Gelfgat, Andrew L. Hazel, Valerio Lucarini, Andy G. Salinger, Erik. T. Phipps, Juan Sanchez-Umbria, Henk Schuttelaars, Laurette S. Tuckerman, Uwe Thiele. Numerical Bifurcation Methods and their Application to Fluid Dynamics: Analysis beyond Simulation, Communications in Computational Physics, 15, 1-45, (2014).

A. Cimatoribus, S.S. Drijfhout and H. A. Dijkstra. Meridional overturning circulation: stability and ocean feedbacks in a box model, Climate Dynamics, 42:311–328 (2014).

Q. Feng and H. A. Dijkstra, Are North Atlantic Multidecadal SST Anomalies Westward Propagating? Geophys. Res. Letters, 41, doi:10.1002/2013GL058687(2014).

J. Viebahn and H. A. Dijkstra, Critical transition analysis of the deterministic wind-driven ocean circulation, A flux-based network approach, Int. J. Bifurcation Chaos, 24, 1430007-1 1430007-32, (2014).

Matthijs den Toom, H. A. Dijkstra, Wilbert Weijer, Matthew Hecht, Mat Maltrud, and Erik van Sebille. Response of a Strongly Eddying Global Ocean to North Atlantic Freshwater Perturbations, J. Phys. Oceanography, 44, 464-481, (2014).

B. van Werkhoven, J. Maassen, M. Kliphuis, H. A. Dijkstra, S.E. Brunnabend, M. van Meersbergen, F. J. Seinstra, and H. E. Bal, A distributed computing approach to improve the performance of the Parallel Ocean Program (v2.1), Geoscientific Model Development, 7, 267-281, (2014).

G. Sgubin, S. Pierini and H. A. Dijkstra, Intrinsic variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current System: low- and high-frequency fluctuations of the Argentine Basin flow, Ocean Science, 10, 201-213, (2014).

Rugenstein, M., Stocchi, P. , A.S. von der Heydt, H. A. Dijkstra and H. B. Brinkhuis, Emplacement of Antarctic ice sheet mass affects circumpolar ocean flow, Global Planetary Changes, 118, 16-24, (2014).

Sijp, W. P., A. S. von der Heydt, H. A. Dijkstra, S. Flogel, P. Douglas, P. K. Bijl.The role of ocean gateways on cooling climate on long time scales, Global Planetary Changes, 119, 1–22, (2014).

Yin, Z., S.C. Dekker, B.J.J.M. van den Hurk and, H. A. Dijkstra. Effects of vegetation structure on biomass accumulation in a Balanced Optimality Structure Vegetation Model (BOSVM v1.0), Geoscientific Model Development, 7, 821–845, (2014).

Yin, Z., S.C. Dekker, B.J.J.M. van den Hurk and, H. A. Dijkstra. Bimodality of woody cover and biomass in semi-arid regime, Earth System Dynamics, 5, 257–270, (2014).

G. Tirabassi, J. Viebahn, V. Dakos, H. A. Dijkstra, C. Masoller, M. Rietkerk, and S.C. Dekker. Interaction network based early-warning indicators of
vegetation transitions, Ecological Complexity, 19, 148 - 157 , (2014).

H. A. Dijkstra, J. Saenz and A. Hogg, Energetics of Multidecadal Atlantic Ocean Variability, J. Climate, 27, 7874-7889, (2014).

Q. Feng, J. Viebahn and H. A. Dijkstra, Deep Ocean Early Warning Signals of an Atlantic MOC Collapse, Geophysical Res. Letters, 41, 6009-6015, (2014).

Le Bars, D., J.V. Durgadoo, H. A. Dijkstra, A. Biastoch and W.P.M. de Ruijter. An observed 20 years time-series of Agulhas leakage, Ocean Science, 10, 601–609, (2014).

Von der Heydt, A.S.,Kohler, P. Van de Wal, R.S.W. and H. A. Dijkstra. On the state dependency of fast feedback processes in (palaeo) climate sensitivity, Geophysical Res. Letters, 41, 6484–6492, (2014).

Pierini, S. H. A. Dijkstra and Mu Mu, Intrinsic low-frequency variability and predictability of the Kuroshio current and of its extension, Advances in Oceanography and Limnology, 5, No. 2, 79-122.

S.E. Brunnabend, H. A. Dijkstra, B. van Werkhoven, J. Maassen, M. Kliphuis, M. van Meersbergen, F. J. Seinstra, and H. E. Bal, Changes in extreme regional sea surface height due to an abrupt weakening of the Atlantic MOC. Ocean Science, 10, 881–891, (2014).

W.K. Lenstra, L. Hahn-Woernle, E. Matta, M. Bresciani, C. Giardino, N. Salmaso, M. Musanti, G. Fila, R. Uittenbogaard, M. Genseberger, H.J. van der Woerd, and H. A. Dijkstra, Diurnal variation of turbulence-related quantities in Lake Garda. Advances in Oceanography and Limnology, Vol. 5, No. 2, 184-203, (2014).

L. Hahn-Woernle, H.J. van der Woerd, and H. A. Dijkstra, Sensitivity of phytoplankton distributions to vertical mixing along a North Atlantic transect. Ocean Science, 10, 993-1011, (2014).


2013



T. Sapsis and
H. A. Dijkstra. Interaction of additive noise and nonlinear dynamics in the double-gyre wind-driven ocean circulation., J. Phys. Oceanography, 43, 366-381, (2013).

H. A. Dijkstra, T. Sengul, and S. Wang. Dynamic Transitions of Surface Tension Driven Convection, Physica D Nonlinear Phenomena, 247, 7-17, (2013)

W. Kramer and
H. A. Dijkstra .Optimal localized observations for advancing beyond the ENSO predictability barrier, Nonl. Processes Geophysics, 20, 221-230, (2013).

R. Lohmann, E. Jurado,
H. A. Dijkstra and J. Dachs, Vertical eddy diffusion as a key mechanism for removing perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) from the global surface oceans, Environmental Pollution, 179, 88-94 (2013).
A. McHogg,
H. A. Dijkstra and J. Saenz, The Energetics of a Collapsing Meridional Overturning Circulation, J. Phys. Oceanography, 43, 1512-1524 (2013).

Z. Ziqing, M Mu and
H. A. Dijkstra, Optimal nonlinear excitation of decadal variability of the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation, Chin. J. Ocean. Limn., 31 No. 6, 1356-1362, (2013).

Wang. Q., Mu Mu and
H. A. Dijkstra, Optimal Precursors of the formation of Kuroshio Large Meander, J. Geophysical Research Oceans, 118, 869–884, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20084, (2013).

Van der Mheen, M.
H. A. Dijkstra, A. Gozolchiani, Den Toom, M., Feng, Q., Kurths, J. and Hernandez-Garcia, E., Interaction network based early warning indicators for the Atlantic MOC collapse, Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 2714–2719, doi:10.1002/grl.50515, (2013).

Z. Ziqing, M Mu and
H. A. Dijkstra. Three-dimensional structure of optimal nonlinear excitation for decadal variability of the thermohaline circulation, Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters, 6, 410-416, (2013).

D. Le Bars,
H. A. Dijkstra, and W. P. M. De Ruijter, Impact of the Indonesian Throughflow on Agulhas Leakage, Ocean Science, 9, 773-785, (2013).

A. Von der Heydt and
H. A. Dijkstra, El Nino: processes, dynamics and predictability, Nieuw Archief voor Wiskunde, 14, 195-200s, (2013).

S. S. Drijfhout, D. Marshall and
H. A. Dijkstra, Conceptual models of the wind-driven and thermohaline circulation, Chapter 11 in Ocean Circulation and Climate, Academic Press, (2013).

Andrea Toreti, Philippe Naveau, Matteo Zampieri, Anne Schindler, Enrico Scoccimarre, Jurg Lutebacher,
H. A. Dijkstra, Silvio Gualdi and Elena Xoplaki, Global changes in seasonal precipitation extremes, Geophys. Res. Letters, 40, 4887–4892, doi:10.1002/grl.50940, (2013).

Wilbert Weijer, Volodymyr Zharkov, Doron Nof,
H. A. Dijkstra , Wilhelmus P. M. de Ruijter, Arjen Terwisscha van Scheltinga , Fred Wubs. Agulhas ring formation as a barotropic instability of the retroflection, Geophys. Res. Letters, 40, 5435–5438, doi:10.1002/2013GL057751, (2013).

Sybren Drijfhout Emily Gleeson,
H. A. Dijkstra, and Valerie Livina, A spontaneous, abrupt climate change event in the EC-Earth climate model, PNAS, November 18, 2013, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1304912110, (2013).

Wang. Q., Mu Mu and
H. A. Dijkstra, Effects of nonlinear physical processes on optimal error growth in predictability experiments of the Kuroshio Large MeanderJ. Geophysical Research Oceans,
DOI: 10.1002/2013JC009276, (2013).



2012



Pisarev, G.I. , Gjerde, V., Balakin, B. V. , Hoffmann, A.C., H. A. Dijkstra, Peng, W. E xperimental and Computational Study of the ''End of the Vortex'' Phenomenon in Reverse-Flow Centrifugal Separators, AIChE Journal, 58, 1371-1380, (2012).

Wang. Q., Mu Mu and
H. A. Dijkstra, Application of conditional nonlinear optimal perturbation method to the predictability study of the Kuroshio large meander, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 29, 118–134, (2012).

Kramer, W. ,
H. A. Dijkstra, S. Pierini and P. J. van Leeuwen. Measuring the impact of observations on the predictability of the Kuroshio Extension in a shallow-water model, J. Phys. Oceanography, 42, 3-17, (2012).

Cimatoribus, A., S. S. Drijfhout and
H. A. Dijkstra, A global hybrid coupled model based on atmosphere-SST feedbacks, Climate Dynamics, 38, 745-760, (2012).

M. den Toom, H. A. Dijkstra, Cimatoribus, A., S. S. Drijfhout, Effect of Atmospheric Feedbacks on the Stability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, J. Climate,25, 4081 - 4096, (2012).

F. Bleichrodt, R. Bisseing and
H. A. Dijkstra, Accelerating a barotropic ocean model using a GPU. Ocean Modeling , 41, 16–21, (2012).

E. Jurado, H. van der Woerd and
H. A. Dijkstra, Microstructure measurements along a quasi-meridional transect in the North Atlantic, J. Geophysical Res. Oceans, 117, C04016, doi:10.1029/2011JC007137, (2012).

G. Quatrocchi, S. Pierini and
H. A. Dijkstra, Intrinsic low-frequency variability of the Gulf Stream, Nonl. Processes in Geophysics, 19, 155–164, (2012).

Le Bars, D., W.P.M. de Ruijter and
H. A. Dijkstra, A new regime of the Agulhas Current retroflection: turbulent choking of Indian-Atlantic leakage, J. Phys. Oceanography, 42, 1158-1172, (2012)

Chylek, P., C. K. Folland, L.M. Frankcombe,
H. A. Dijkstra , G. Lesins and M.K. Dubey. Greenland ice core evidence for spatial and temporal variability of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L09705, doi:10.1029/2012GL051241, (2012).

Weijer, W., Maltrud, M., Hecht, M.,
H. A. Dijkstra and M. Kliphuis. Response of the Atlantic Ocean Circulation to Greenland Ice Sheet Melting in a Strongly-Eddying Ocean Model. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L09606, doi:10.1029/2012GL051611, (2012).

Huisman, S.,
Dijkstra, H. A., and Von der Heydt, A. and W.P.M. de Ruijter. Does net E-P set a preference for North Atlantic sinking? J. Phys. Oceanography, 42, 1781–1792, (2012).

Katzav, J.,
Dijkstra, H. A., and J. de Laat. Assessing climate model projections: state of the art and philosophical reflection. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 43, 258-276, (2012).

Rohling, E., Sluijs, A.,
Dijkstra, H. A, Koehler, P., Van de Wal, R.S.W., Von der Heydt, A.S and PALAEOSENS project members. Making sense of palaeoclimate sensitivity. Nature, 491, 683-691, (2012).

E. Jurado,
H. A. Dijkstra and H. van der Woerd, Microstructure observations during the spring 2011 STRATIPHYT-II cruise in the northeast Atlantic, Ocean Science, 8, 945-95, (2012).

Cimatoribus, A., S. S. Drijfhout,
M . den Toom and H. A. Dijkstra, Sensitivity of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation to South Atlantic freshwater anomalie, Clim. Dynamics, 39, 2291-2306, (2012).

2011


H. W. Broer, H. A. Dijkstra, C. Simo, A.E. Sterk, R. Vitolo, The dynamics of a low-order model for the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems B, 16, 73-107, (2011)

G. Pisarev, A.C. Hoffmann, W. Peng and H. A. Dijkstra., Large-eddy simulation of the vortex end in reverse-flow centrifugal separators, Applied Math. and Computation, 217,  5016-5022, (2011). 

M. den Toom and H. A. Dijkstra, Scaling of the strength of the meridional overturning with vertical diffusivity in an idealized global ocean geometry, Tellus A.,  63, 354-370, (2011). 

M. Tigchelaar, A. S. von der Heydt and
H. A. Dijkstra, A new interpretation of the two-step d18O signal at the Eocene-Oligocene boundary, Climate of the Past, 7, 235-247,  (2011). 

M. den Toom, H. A. Dijkstra and F. W. Wubs, Spurious equilibria due to convective adjustment in ocean models, Ocean Modelling, 38, 126-137, (2011).  

L. M. Beal, W. P. M. De Ruijter, A. Biastoch, R. Zahn & SCOR/WCRP/IAPSO Working Group 136 (M. Cronin, J. Hermes, J. Lutjeharms, G. Quartly, T. Tozuka, S. Baker-Yeboah, T. Bornman, P. Cipollini, H. A. Dijkstra, I. Hall, W. Park, F. Peeters, P. Penven, H. Ridderinkhof and J. Zinke), On the role of the Agulhas system in ocean circulation and climate, Nature 472, 429-436, (2011).

H. A. Dijkstra, Vegetation pattern formation in a semi-arid climate,  Int. J. Bifurcations and Chaos, 21, 3497-3509, (2011).

Rietkerk,  M.   Brovkin, V.  van Bodegom, P. M.  Claussen. M. Dekker, S. C. 
Dijkstra, H.A.. Goryachkin, S.G.  Kabat, P.  van Nes, E. H.   Neutel, A.  Nicholson, S. A.  Nobre, C.  Petoukhov, V. Provenzale, A. Scheffer, M. Local ecosystem feedbacks and critical transitions in the climate, Ecological Complexity, 8, 223-228, (2011).

Kamphuis, V., S. E. Huisman and
H. A. Dijkstra, The global ocean circulation on a retrograde rotating earth, Climate of the Past, 7, 487-498, (2011).

A. S. Von der Heydt and
H. A. Dijkstra, The impact of ocean gateways on ENSO variability in the Miocene, Geological Society, London, Special Publications 2011; v. 355s, 305-318, doi: 10.1144/SP355.15 (2011)

Chylek, P., C. K. Folland,
H. A. Dijkstra , G. Lesins and M.K. Dubey. Ice-core data evidence for a 20 year time-scale of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, Geophysical Research Letters 38, L13704, doi:10.1029/2011GL047501, (2011).

Frankcombe, L. M. and
H. A. Dijkstra, The Role of Atlantic-Arctic Exchange in North Atlantic Multidecadal Climate Variability, Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L16603, doi:10.1029/2011GL048158, (2011).

Von der Heydt, A. S., Nnafie, A. and
H. A. Dijkstra, Cold tongue/Warm pool and ENSO dynamics in the Pliocene, Climate of the Past, 7, 903-915, (2011).

Von der Heydt, A. S. and
H. A. Dijkstra, El Nino in the Pliocene, N&V Nature Geosciences 4, 502-502, (2011)


2010

Huisman, S., M. den Toom, Dijkstra, H. A. and S. Drijfhout. An indicator of the multiple equilibria regime of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. J. Phys. Oceanography,40, 551–567, (2010).

B. Alhammoud, Meijer, P. Th. and
H. A. Dijkstra, The sensitivity of Mediterranean thermohaline circulation to gateway depth: A model investigation, Paleoceanography, 25, PA2220, doi:10.1029/2009PA001823, (2010).

S. Galeotti, Von der Heydt, A., Huber M., Bice, D. , H. A. Dijkstra, Jilbert, T. , Lanci, L. and Reichart, G. J., Evidence for active ENSO variability in the late Miocene greenhouse climate, Geology, 38, 419-422, (2010).

A.E. Sterk, R. Vitolo, H .W. Broer, C. Simo, H. A. Dijkstra, New nonlinear mechanisms of midlatitude atmospheric low-frequency variability, Physica D, 239, 702-718, (2010).

L. M. Frankcombe, A. von der Heydt,
H. A. Dijkstra, North Atlantic Multidecadal Climate Variability: An investigation of dominant time scales and processes, J. Climate, 23, 3626–3638, (2010).

J. Trabucho Alexandre, E. Tuenter, G. A. Henstra, K J. van der Zwan, R. S. W. van de Wal, H. A. Dijkstra, P. L. de Boer, The mid-Cretaceous North Atlantic nutrient trap: black shales and Oceanic Anoxic Events, Paleoceanography, 25, PA4201 doi:10.1029/2010PA001925, (2010).

L. M. Frankcombe and H. A. Dijkstra, Internal modes of multidecadal variability in the Arctic Ocean, J. Phys. Oceanography, 40, 2496–2510, (2010).

E. Bernsen, F. W. Wubs, J. Thies and H. A. Dijkstra, The Application of Jacobian-Free Newton-Krylov Methods to Reduce the Spin-up Time of Ocean General Circulation Models, J. Comp. Physics, 229, 8167-8179, (2010).

H. Hristova, H. A. Dijkstra and M. Spall, Onset of time-dependence in a double-gyre circulation: barotropic basin modes versus classical baroclinic modes, J. Marine Res, 68, 215-236, (2010).

2009

Simonnet, E, Dijkstra, H. A. and Ghil, M. Bifurcation analysis of ocean, atmosphere and climate models, Handbook of Numerical Analysis, Vol XIV, General Editor: Philippe G. Ciarlet; Special Volume on Computational Methods for the Ocean and the Atmosphere. Guest editors: Roger Temam and Joseph Tribbia, 187-230, (2009).

L. M. Frankcombe, Dijkstra, H.A. and Von der Heydt, A. S., Noise Induced Multidecadal Variability in the North Atlantic: Excitation of Normal Modes, J. Phys. Oceanography, 39, 220-233, (2009).

V. Palastanga, Dijkstra, H.A. and W.P. M. de Ruijter, Inertially induced connections between subgyres in the South-Indian Ocean, J. Phys. Oceanography, 39, 465-471, (2009).

S. L. Huisman, Dijkstra, H.A., De Ruijter, W. P. M., and Von der Heydt, A. S., Robustness of Multiple Equilibria in the Global Ocean Circulation, Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L01610, doi:10.1029/2008GL036322, (2009).

G. van Oldenborgh, S. Drijfhout, A. van Ulden, R. Haarsma, A. Sterl, C. Severijns, W. Hazeleger, and H. A, Dijkstra., Western Europe is warming much faster than expected, Climate of the Past, 5, 1-12, (2009).

A. W. Omta, J. Llido, V. Garcon, S. A. L. M. Kooijman and H. A. Dijkstra., The interpretation of satelite chlorophyll observations: the case of the Mozambique Channel, Deep Sea Research I, 56 (6), 974-988, (2009).

S. Pierini, Dijkstra, H.A. and A. Riccio, A nonlinear theory of the Kuroshio Extension Bimodality, J. Phys. Oceanography 39, 2212-2229 , (2009).

M. den Toom,
Dijkstra, H.A. and F. W. Wubs, Corrigendum to: A tailored solver for bifurcation studies of ocean-climate models, J. Comp. Physics, Vol. 228, 4962-496, (2009).

E. Bernsen, Dijkstra, H.A. and F. W. Wubs, Bifurcation analysis of wind-driven flows with MOM, Ocean Modelling, 30, 95-105, (2009).

M. P. Karami, P.Th. Meijer,
Dijkstra, H.A. and M. J. R. Wortel A box model of the Miocene Mediterranean Sea with emphasis on the effects of closure of the eastern gateway, Paleoceanography, 24, PA4203, doi:10.1029/2008PA001679, (2009).

L. M. Frankcombe and Dijkstra, H.A., Coherent multidecadal variability in North Atlantic sea level, Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L15604, dio:10.1029/2009GL039455, (2009).

G. van Oldenborgh, L. A. te Raa, Dijkstra, H. A. and S. Y. Philip, Frequency-dependent effects of the Atlantic meridional overturning on the tropical Pacific Ocean, Ocean Science , 5, 293-301, (2009).

J. Thies, F. W. Wubs and Dijkstra, H. A., Bifurcation analysis of 3D ocean flows using a parallel fully implicit ocean model, Ocean Modelling, 30 (2009) 287–297.

L. M. Frankcombe, Von der Heydt, A. S and Dijkstra, H.A., The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation: A stochastic dynamical systems view , Chapter 12 in Stochastic Physics and Climate Modelling, eds. P. Williams and T. Palmer, CUP, 287-313,, (2009).

Omta, A. W., J. Bruggeman, S. A. L. M. Kooijman and Dijkstra, H. A., The organic carbon pump in the Atlantic. J. Sea Research, 62, 179-187, (2009).

P. Th. Meijer and
H. A. Dijkstra., The response of Mediterranean thermohaline circulation to climate change; A minimal model, Climate of the Past, 5, 713–720, (2009)

S. Pierini and
H. A. Dijkstra, Low-frequency variability of the Kuroshio Extension, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 16, 665-675, (2009).

2008

Bernsen, E. , Dijkstra, H. A. and F. W. Wubs, A method to reduce the spin-up time of ocean models, Ocean Modelling, 20, 380-392, (2008).

Von der Heydt, A. and Dijkstra, H.A., The effect of gateways on ocean circulation patterns in the Cenozoic, Global Planetary Change, 62, 132-146, (2008).

Omta, A. W., S. A. L. M. Kooijman and Dijkstra, H. A. , Critical turbulence revisited: the impact of submesoscale vertical mixing on plankton patchiness. J. Mar. Research, 66, 61-85, (2008).

Dijkstra, H. A. , Scaling of the Atlantic meridional overturning in a global ocean model. Tellus 60A, 749-760, (2008).

Dijkstra, H.A., L. M. Frankcombe and Von der Heydt, A. S., A stochastic dynamical systems view of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, Phil. Trans. Royal Soc., 366, 2545-2560, (2008).
Sterl, A., Severijns, C., Dijkstra, H.A., Hazeleger, W., Van Oldenborgh, G. J., Van den Broeke, M., Burgers, G., Van den Hurk, B.Van Leeuwen, P. J., Van Velthoven, P. When can we expect extremely high surface temperatures? Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L14703, doi:10.1029/2008GL034071, (2008).

E. Deleersnijder, E. Hanert, H. Burchard and Dijkstra, H.A., On the mathematical stability of stratified flow models with local turbulence closure schemes, Ocean Dynamics, 58, 237-246, (2008). L. M. Frankcombe, Dijkstra, H.A. and Von der Heydt, A. S., Sub-surface signatures of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L19602, doi:10.1029/2008GLO34989, (2008).
A.D. Terwisscha van Scheltinga and Dijkstra, H.A., Conditional nonlinear optimal perturbations of the double-gyre ocean circulation, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 15, 727-734, (2008).

2007

Dijkstra, H. A., Characterization of the multiple equilibria regime in a global ocean model, Tellus 59A, 695–705 (2007).

A. S. Von der Heydt and
Dijkstra, H. A., Localization of Multidecadal Variability. Part I: Cross-Equatorial Transport and Interbasin Exchange. J. Physical Oceanography, 37, 2401-2414, (2007).

Dijkstra, H. A. and A. S. Von der Heydt, Localization of Multidecadal Variability. Part II: Spectral Origin of Multidecadal Modes. J. Physical Oceanography, 37, 2415-2428, (2007).

Dijkstra, H. A., Regimes of wind-driven ocean flows, in Frontiers in Turbulence and Coherent Structures, editors J. Denier and J. S. Frederiksen, World Scientific, 121-148, (2007).

De Niet, A. C., Wubs, F. W., Terwisscha van Scheltinga, A. D. and
Dijkstra, H. A., A tailored solver for bifurcation studies of ocean-climate models, J. Comp. Physics, 277, 654-679, (2007).

J. O. Sewall, R. S. W. van de Wal, K. van der Zwan, C. vanOosterhout,
Dijkstra, H. A. and C. R. Scotese. Climate model boundary conditions for four Cretaceous time slices, Climates of the Past, 3, 647-657, (2007).

Omta, A. W., S. A. L. M. Kooijman and
Dijkstra, H. A. The influence of meso-scale eddies on the soft-tissue carbon pump. J. Geophys. Res., 112, C11009, doi:10.1029/2007JC004189, (2007).

Dijkstra, H. A., TERAFLOP Computing and Ensemble Climate Model Simulations, in High Performance Computing on Vector Systems, editors M. Resch et al., Springer, 35-42, (2007).

Weijer, W., Vevier, F., Gille, S., and
Dijkstra, H.A. Multiple oscillatory modes of the Argentine Basin, I. Statistical Analysis, J. Phys. Oceanography, 37, 2855-2868, (2007). Weijer, W., Vevier, F., Gille, S., and Dijkstra, H.A. Multiple oscillatory modes of the Argentine Basin, II. The spectral origin of the basin modes. J. Phys. Oceanography, 37, 2869-2881, (2007).

Terwisscha van Scheltinga, A. and
Dijkstra, H. A., Efficient estimation of time-mean states of ocean models using 4D-Var and implicit time-stepping, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 14, 777-788, (2007).

Terwisscha van Scheltinga, A. and
Dijkstra, H. A., A comparison between explicit and implicit variational data-assimilation , Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 14, 763-776, (2007).

2006

Wubs, F., De Niet, A. C. and Dijkstra, H. A., The Performance of Implicit Ocean models on B- and C-grids, J. Comp. Physics, 211, 210-228, (2006)

Dijkstra, H. A., On the interaction of SST modes in the North Atlantic Ocean, J. Physical Oceanography, 36, 286-299, (2006).

Dijkstra, H. A., L.A. te Raa, M. Schmeits and J. Gerrits, On the physics of the Atlantic Multiodecadal Oscillation, Ocean Dynamics, 56, 36-50, (2006).

A. S. Von der Heydt and
Dijkstra, H. A., The Effect of Ocean Gateways on the Global Ocean Circulation in the Late Oligocene and Early Miocene, Paleoceanography, 21, PA1011, doi:10.1029/2005PA001149, (2006).

Dijkstra, H. A., The ENSO phenomenon: theory and mechanisms, Adv. Geosciences, 6, 3-15, (2006).

Omta, A.W., Bruggeman, J., Kooijman, S.A.L.M. and Dijkstra, H. A., Feedback mechanisms between climate and the Redfield ratio, Geophysical research letters, 33, L14613, doiL:10.1029/2006GLO26213, (2006).

2005



Von der Heydt, A. and Dijkstra, H. A., Flow Reorganizations in the Panama Seaway -- A Cause for the Demise of Miocene Corals?, Geophys. Res. Letters, 32, L02609, doi:10.2609/2004GL020990, (2005).

Weijer, W. and
Dijkstra, H. A., Stability of the global ocean circulation: Basic bifurcation diagrams, J. Physical Oceanography, 35, 933-948, (2005).

Dijkstra, H.A. and Ghil, M., Low-frequency variability of the ocean circulation: a dynamical systems approach. Reviews of Geophysics, 43, RG3002, doi:10.1029/2002RG000122, (2005).

Simonnet, E., Ghil, M. and
Dijkstra, H.A., Homoclinic bifurcations in the barotropic quasi-geostrophic double-gyre circulation, J. Marine Research, 63, 931-956, (2005).

Zelle, H., Oldenborgh, G. J., Burgers, G. and
Dijkstra, H.A., El Nino and Greenhouse warming: results from ensemble simulations with the NCAR CCSM, J. Climate, Vol. 18, No. 22, 4669–4683.(2005).

Terwisscha van Scheltinga, A. and
Dijkstra, H. A., Nonlinear data-assimilation using implicit models, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 12, 515-525, (2005).

Gruais, I., Rittemard, N. and
Dijkstra, H.A., A priori estimations of a global homotopy residue continuation method, Nonlinear Functional Analysis and Optimization, 26, 4-5, 507-521 (2005).

2004

Dijkstra, H. A., Weijer, W. and L.A. te Raa, A systematic approach to determine thresholds of the thermohaline circulation. Tellus, 56, 362--370, (2004)

Raa, te L.,
Dijkstra, H.A. and Gerrits, J., Identification of the mechanism of interdecadal variability in the North Atlantic Ocean, J. Physical Oceanography, 34, 2792-2807, (2004).

Mu Mu, Sun Liang and
Dijkstra, H.A., The sensitivity and stability of the ocean's thermohaline circulation to finite amplitude perturbations, J. Physical Oceanography, 34, 2305-2315, (2004).

J.J. Nauw,
Dijkstra, H. A. and E. Chassignet, Frictionally induced asymmetries in wind-driven flows, J. Physical Oceanography, 34, 2057-2072, (2004).

Nauw, J.J.,
Dijkstra, H.A. and Simonnet, E., Regimes of low-frequency variability in a three-layer quasi-geostrophic ocean model, J. Marine Research, 62, 684-719, (2004).

Selten, F. M., Branstator, G.
Dijkstra, H. A. and Kliphuis, M., Tropical Origins for recent and future Northern Hemisphere Climate Change, Geophys. Res. Letters, 31, No. 21, L21205, 10.1029/2004GL020739, (2004).

2003


Raa, te L. A. and
Dijkstra, H.A., Stability changes of the North Atlantic climate system on multidecadal time scales, J. Climate, 32, 138-160, (2003).

Dijkstra, H. A, Weijer W. and J. D. Neelin, Imperfections of the three-dimensional thermohaline ocean circulation: Hysteresis and unique state regimes, J. Phys. Ocean, 33, 2796-2814, (2003).

L.A. te Raa and
Dijkstra, H.A., Modes of internal thermohaline variability in a single-hemispheric ocean basin, J. Mar. Research, 61, 491-516, (2003).

C. Katsman, P. van der Vaart,
Dijkstra, H. A. and W.P.M de Ruijter, On the stability of multi-layer ocean vortices: a parameter study including realistic Gulf Stream and Agulhas Rings, J. Phys. Oceanography, 33, 1197--1218, (2003).

Omta, A.W. and
Dijkstra, H. A., A physical mechanism for the Atlantic-Pacific flow reversal in the early Miocene, Global and Planetary Change, 36, 265--276, (2003).

Weijer, W.,
H.A. Dijkstra, H. Oksuzoglu, F.W. Wubs and A.C. de Niet, A fully-implicit model of the global ocean circulation, Journal of Computational Physics, 192, 452-470, (2003).

Weijer, W. and
Dijkstra, H. A., Multiple oscillatory modes of the global ocean circulation. J. Phys. Oceanography, 33, 2197-2213, (2003).

Dijkstra, H. A. and Weijer, W., Stability of the global ocean circulation: the connection of equilibria in a hierarchy of models, J. Marine Res., 61, 725--743 (2003)

Selten, F., Kliphuis, M. and
Dijkstra, H. A. , Transient coupled ensemble climate simulations to study changes in the probability of extreme events, Clivar Exchanges, 28, 10-12, (2003)

2002

Raa, te L. A. and Dijkstra, H.A., Instability of the thermohaline circulation on interdecadal time scales, J. Phys. Oceanography, 32, 138-160, (2002).

Kooijman, S. A. L. M.,
Dijkstra, H. A. and Kooi, B. W., Light induced mass turnover in a mono-species community of mixotrophs, J. Theoretical Biology, 214: 233-254 (2002).

Dijkstra, H.A. and G. Burgers, Fluid dynamics of El Nino variability , Ann. Review of Fluid Mechanics, 34, 531-558, (2002).

Simonnet, E. and
Dijkstra, H.A., Spontaneous generation of low-frequency modes of variability in the wind-driven ocean circulation, J. Phys. Oceanography, 32, 1747-1762, (2002).

Avoird, van der E.,
Dijkstra, H.A, Nauw, J.and Schuurmans, C., Nonlinearly induced low-frequency variability in the midlatitude coupled ocean-atmospheresystem, Climate Dynamics, 19, 303-320, (2002).

P. C. F. Van der Vaart, H. Schuttelaars, D. Calvete and
Dijkstra, H.A, Instability of time-dependent wind-driven ocean gyres, Phys. Fluids, 14 (10), 3601-3615, (2002).

Rittemard, N. and Zwagers, T. and
Dijkstra, H. A., Was there a wind-driven Tethys Circulglobal Current in the Late Cretaceous?, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 203, 741--753, (2002).

De Kloe, J., A. van der Steen, H. Oksuzoglu and
H.A. Dijkstra, A fully-implicit parallel ocean model using MUMPS - Journal of Supercomputing 23, 167-183 (2002).

M. J. Schmeits and
H.A. Dijkstra, Intra-annual variability of the ocean circulation in the Kuroshio region, J. Geophys. Res., 107, (C12), 3235, doi:10.1029/2001JC001073, (2002).

2001


Dijkstra, H.A. and W.P.M. de Ruijter, On the physics of the Agulhas Current: Steady retroflection regimes, J. Phys. Oceanography, 31, 2971-2985, (2001).

Weijer, W., Ruijter, de W.P.M. and
Dijkstra, H.A., Stability of the Atlantic overturning circulation: competition between Bering Street freshwater flux and Agulhas heat and salt sources, J. Phys. Oceanography, 31, 2385-2402, (2001).

Katsman, C. A., Drijfhout, S. S. and
Dijkstra, H.A., The interaction of a deep western boundary current and the wind-driven gyres as a cause of low-frequency variability, J. Phys. Oceanography, 31, 2321-2339, (2001).

M.J. Schmeits and
Dijkstra, H.A., Bimodality of the Gulf Stream and Kuroshio, J. Phys. Oceanography, 31, 3435-3456, (2001).

W. Weijer and
H.A. Dijkstra, Bifurcations of the three-dimensional thermohaline circulation: the double hemispheric case, J. Marine Research, 59, 599-631, (2001).

J. Nauw and
H.A. Dijkstra, The origin of low-frequency variability of double-gyre wind-driven flows, J. Marine Research, 59, 567-597, (2001).

Dijkstra, H.A. and W.P.M. de Ruijter, Barotropic instabilities of the Agulhas Current and their relation to ring formation, J. Marine Research, 59, 517-533, (2001).

Dijkstra, H.A., Oksuzoglu, H., Wubs, F.W. and Botta, E. F. F. A fully implicit model of the three-dimensional thermohaline ocean circulation, J. Comp. Physics, 176, 685-715, (2001).

2000

Dijkstra, H.A. and J.D. Neelin, Imperfections of the thermohaline circulation: Latitudinal asymmetry and preferred northern sinking, J. Climate 13, 366-382, (2000).

Van der Vaart, P.C.F. and Dijkstra, H.A. and F.F. Jin, The Pacific Cold Tongue and the ENSO mode: unified theory within the ZC-model, J. Atm. Sciences., 57, 967-988, (2000)

M.J. Molemaker and Dijkstra, H.A., Stability of a cold core eddy in the presence of convection: hydrostatic versus non-hydrostatic modelling, J. Phys. Oceanography, 30, 475-494, (2000).

M.J. Schmeits and Dijkstra, H.A., The physics of the 9-month variability of the Gul Stream: combining data and dynamical systems analysis, J. Phys. Oceanography, 30, 1967-1987, (2000).

M.J. Molemaker and Dijkstra, H.A., Multiple equilibria and stability of the North-Atlantic wind-driven ocean circulation, in Numerical Methods for Bifurcation Problems and Large Scale Dynamical Systems., ed. E. Doedel and L. Tuckerman, IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications, Volume 119, 303-318, (2000).

1999




Dijkstra, H.A. and M.J. Molemaker, Imperfections of the North- Atlantic wind-driven circulation: continental geometry and asymmetric windstress, J. Mar. Res., 57, 1-28, (1999).

Dijkstra, H.A. and J.D. Neelin, Imperfections of the thermohaline circulation: Multiple equilibria and flux-correction, J. Climate, 12, 1382-1392, (1999).

Dijkstra, H.A. and J.D. Neelin, Coupled processes and the Tropical Climatology. Part III: Instabilities of coupled climatologies, J. Climate, 12, 1630-1643, (1999).

Weijer, W., Van Leeuwen, P.J. Dijkstra, H.A. and W.P.M. de Ruijter, Impact of interbasin exchange on the Atlantic overturning, J. Phys. Oceanography, 29, 2266-2284, (1999).

Dijkstra, H.A. and P. C. F. van der Vaart, Instabilities of the coupled equatorial ocean-atmosphere, in Fluid Dynamics at Interfaces, ed. W. Shyy and R. Narayanan, CambridgeUniversity Press, 179-198, (1999).

Katsman, C. A., Dijkstra, H.A. and Schmeits, M. J. Applications of continuation methods in physical oceanography, in Continuation methods in Fluid Dynamics, ed. D. Henry and A. Bergeon, Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics vol. 74, 179-198, (1999).

Dijkstra, H.A., M.J. Schmeits and C.A. Katsman, Natural variability of the North-Atlantic wind-driven ocean circulation, Surveys in Geophysics, 20, 463-502, (1999).

1998

Kranenborg, E.J. and Dijkstra, H.A., The evolution of double diffusive intrusions into a laterally heated stratified liquid, A study of the layer merging process, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 41 , 2743-2756 (1998).

Dijkstra, H.A. and Kranenborg, E.J., The evolution of double diffusive intrusions into a laterally heated stratified liquid, The physics of self-propagation, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 41, 2113-2124 (1998).

Kranenborg, E.J. and Dijkstra, H.A., Double diffusive layers near a cooled solid-liquid boundary, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 41, 1873-1884 (1998).

C.A. Katsman, H.A. Dijkstra and S.S. Drijfhout, The rectification of the wind-driven ocean circulation due to its instabilities, J. Marine Research, 56, 559-587, (1998).

Dijkstra, H.A. and P.C.F. Van der Vaart, On the upgradient momentum transport in unstable eastward jets, Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 88, 295-323 (1998).

P.C.F. van der Vaart and H.A. Dijkstra, The nonlinear evolution of unstable coupled equatorial ocean-atmosphere modes, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 39-52, (1998).

1997

Molemaker, M.J. and Dijkstra, H.A., The formation and evolution of a diffusive interface, J. Fluid Mech., 331, 199 - 229, (1997).

P.C.F. Van der Vaart and Dijkstra, H.A., Sideband instabilities of mixed barotropic/baroclinic waves growing on a midlatitude jet, Phys. Fluids, 9, 615-631, (1997).

Dijkstra, H.A. and Molemaker, M.J., Symmetry breaking and overturning oscillations in thermohaline flows: A bifurcation study, J. Fluid Mech., 331, 169 - 198, (1997).

Dijkstra, H.A. and Katsman, C.A., Temporal variability of the quasi-geostrophic wind-driven ocean circulation, Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 85, 195-232, (1997).

1996


Dijkstra, H.A. and De Ruijter, W.P.M., Finite amplitude stability of the wind driven ocean circulation, Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 83, 1 - 31, (1996).

Dijkstra, H.A. and Kranenborg, E.J., A bifurcation study of double diffusive flow patterns in a stably stratified liquid layer heated from the side, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 39, 2699-2710, (1996).

1995

Neelin, J.D. and Dijkstra, H.A., Coupled ocean-atmosphere interaction and the Tropical Climatology, part I: The dangers of flux-correction, J. Climate, 8, 1343-1359, (1995).

Dijkstra, H.A. and Neelin, J.D., On the attractors of an intermediate coupled ocean-atmosphere model, Dyn. Atm. Oceans, 22, 19-48, (1995).

Dijkstra, H.A. and Neelin, J.D., Coupled ocean-atmosphere interaction and the Tropical Climatology, part II: Why the cold tongue is in the east, J. Climate, 8, 1360-1378, (1995).

Speich, S., Dijkstra, H.A. and Ghil, M., Successive bifurcations in a shallow water layer model, with applications to the wind driven ocean circulation, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 2, 245 - 280, (1995).

Dijkstra, H.A., Surface tension driven flows in three-dimensional boxes. I: Linear stability, Microgravity Science and Technology, 7, 307-312, (1995).

Dijkstra, H.A., Molemaker, M.J., van der Ploeg, A. and Botta, E.F.F., An efficient code to compute steady non-parallel flows and their linear stability in parameter space, Computers and Fluids, 24, 415-434, (1995).

Kranenborg, E.J. and Dijkstra, H.A., The structure of (linearly) stable double diffusive flow patterns in a laterally heated stratified liquid, Phys. Fluids, 7, 680-682, (1995).

Dijkstra, H.A., Surface tension driven flows in three-dimensional boxes. II: A bifurcation study. Microgravity Science and Technology, 8, 70 - 77, (1995).

Dijkstra, H.A., Surface tension driven flows in three-dimensional boxes. III: The formation of hexagonal patterns. Microgravity Science and Technology, 8, 155 - 162, (1995).

1986 - 1994


Molemaker, M.J. Dijkstra, H.A., Double diffusive and direct instabilities below growing sea-ice, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 37, 2547-2559, (1994).

Dijkstra, H.A., On the shear stabilization of capillary break-up of finite liquid bridges, Microgravity Science and Techn. 6, 13-27, (1993).

Dijkstra, H.A., The structure of two-dimensional cellular solutions for Rayleigh-Benard-Marangoni convection in rectangular containers, J. Fluid Mech., 243, 73-102, (1992).

Dijkstra, H.A., The coupling of interfacial instabilities and the stabilization of two-layer annular flows, Phys. Fluids A, 4, 1915 - 1928, (1992).

Dijkstra, H.A. and Steen, P.H., Thermocapillary stabilization of capillary break-up of an annular film of liquid, J. Fluid Mech, 229, 205-228, (1991).

Dijkstra, H.A., and Drinkenburg, A.A.H., Enlargement of wetted area and mass transfer due to surface tension gradients: The creeping film phenomenon, Chem. Engng. Sci., 45, 1079- 1088, (1990).

Dijkstra, H.A., Book review on: Low gravity fluid mechanics: Mathematical theory of capillary phenomena. Siam Review, 32, 691-693, (1990).

Dijkstra, H.A., The coupling of capillary and Marangoni instabilities in an annular thread of liquid, J. Coll. Int. Science, 136, 151 - 159, (1990).

Tinge, J.T., Dijkstra, H.A., Boelen, J., Stoelwinder, C.J.C., Drinkenburg, A.A.H., Gas separation in a three-phase bubble column, Chem. Engng. Sci., 45, 1113-1123, (1990).

Swart, J.A.A., Dijkstra, H.A., and Korf, J., A graphical method to determine sigmoid ligand binding in vivo at low doses. J. Pharmacological Methods, 23, 97-105, (1990)

Van de Vooren, A.I. and Dijkstra, H.A., A finite element stability analysis for the Marangoni problem in a rectangular container with rigid sidewalls, Comp. Fluids, 17, 467-485, (1989).

Dijkstra, H.A. and van de Vooren, A.I., Multiplicity and stability of steady solutions for Marangoni convection in a 2D rectangular container with rigid sidewalls, Num. Heat Transfer, 16, 59-75, (1989).

Dijkstra, H.A. and Lichtenbelt, J.H., Mass transfer driven Marangoni convection under micro-gravity, Microgravity Science Technology, 1 (4), 180-187, (1988).

Lichtenbelt, J.H., Drinkenburg, A.A.H. and Dijkstra, H.A., Marangoni convection and mass transfer from the liquid to the gasphase under microgravity conditions, Naturwissenschaften, 73, 356 - 359, (1986).

Lichtenbelt, J.H., Dijkstra, H.A. and Drinkenburg, A.A.H. Marangoni convection and mass transfer from the liquid to the gasphase. Adv. Space Res., 6, 61-64, (1986).

Dijkstra, H.A., Transient Marangoni convection in a square container, Physico Chemical Hydrodynamics, 10, 493 - 515, (1988).

Dijkstra, H.A. and van de Vooren, A.I., Initial flow development due to Marangoni convection in a mass transfer system. Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 28, 2315- 2322, (1985).