
AG Seminar
This is an Algebraic Geometry and Arithmetic Geometry seminar and features both research talks, as well as preprint talks presenting papers that appeared recently on arXiv in the algebraic geometry or the number theory sections and are of interest to the seminar participants.
Talks
See the new seminar webpage
Past until February 2023
 February 15, (13:30, BBG069) research talk by Andreas Braun (Durham): Hodge classes on CalabiYau fourfolds
Abstract: A crucial question in string theory concerns its set of solutions,
particularly those giving rise to an effective fourdimensional
description. The most general such solutions are found by specifying a
CalabiYau fourfold equipped with an elliptic fibration, together with a
Hodge class.
Without assuming any background I will briefly explain
how these objects arise in physics, and which constraints they need to
obey. After formulating some of the central questions and conjectures
that arise in this context, I will discuss some recent progress.
 February 8, (13:30, HFG409) research talk by Hyeonjun Park (KIAS): Cosection localization via derived algebraic geometry
Abstract: Cosection localization is one of the most powerful tools in virtual enumerative geometry. In this talk, we revisit cosection localization from the perspective of derived algebraic geometry. I will explain derived reduction by (1)shifted closed 1forms and localization through homotopical intersection theory. I will also provide an intrinsic description of cosectionlocalized virtual cycles using (2)shifted symplectic structures. This is based on joint works with Younghan Bae and Martijn Kool, with Dhyan Aranha, Adeel Khan, Alexei Latyntsev, and Charanya Ravi, and with YoungHoon Kiem.
 February 1, (11:00, HFG409) research talk by Olivier de Gaay Fortman (Hannover): Real moduli spaces, unitary Shimura varieties and nonarithmetic lattices
Abstract: Hodge theory can sometimes be used to identify a moduli space of complex varieties with a complex ball quotient, or an open subset of such a space. I will explain that similar things happen for moduli of real varieties. Real moduli spaces of smooth varieties are often not connected, however  to get a connected moduli space one is led to allow some singularities. It turns out that, very similar to the way in which the connected components of the space of smooth varieties embed into the larger moduli space, real arithmetic ball quotients can be glued together to form a large real ball quotient. Unitary Shimura varieties provide the right framework for this glueing procedure. I will explain how this works, constructing nonarithmetic lattices in PO(n,1) for every n.
 January 18, (10:00, HFG409) research talk by Mick van Vliet (UU): Tame geometry and Hodge theory
Abstract: Tame geometry, made precise by the concept of ominimal structures, has recently led to some interesting developments in algebraic geometry. In the first half of this talk I will motivate and explain the definition of ominimal structures, and review some remarkable theorems that hold in the resulting framework of tame geometry. In the second half of the talk, based on work of Bakker, Klingler, and Tsimerman (1810.04801), I will give an overview of a recent application of tame geometry to Hodge theory.
 January 11, (11:00, HFG409) research talk by Lars Halvard Halle (University of Bologna): Degenerations of Hilbert schemes and relative VGIT
Abstract: This talk will be a report on joint work with K. Hulek and Z. Zhang. First
I will explain how some central results in VGIT can be extended to a
relative setting. After this, I will discuss an application of relative
VGIT to the study of certain degenerations of Hilbert schemes of points.
2022
 December 7, (HFG409) research talk by Leo Herr (Leiden University): The Rhizomic Topology
Abstract: What is a sheaf on a log scheme X? If we take the ordinary etale topology, we ignore the log structure. Taking the log étale topology, even the structure "sheaf" O_X is not a sheaf! The same goes for M_X, \overline M_X. We introduce a new "rhizomic" topology on log schemes coarser than the log etale topology. Will this be enough?
 November 30, (HFG409) research talk by Navid Nabijou (QMU London): Roots and logs in the enumerative forest
Abstract: Logarithmic and orbifold structures provide two different paths to the enumeration of curves with fixed tangencies to a normal crossings divisor. Simple examples demonstrate that the resulting systems of invariants differ, but a more structural explanation of this defect has remained elusive. I will discuss joint work with Luca Battistella and Dhruv Ranganathan, in which we identify birational invariance as the key property distinguishing the two theories. The logarithmic theory is stable under strata blowups of the target, while the orbifold theory is not. By identifying a suitable system of “slopesensitive” blowups, we define a “limit" orbifold theory and prove that it coincides with the logarithmic theory. Our proof hinges on a technique – rank reduction – for reducing questions about normal crossings divisors to questions about smooth divisors, where the situation is muchbetter understood.
 November 23, (HFG409) research talk by Mar Curco Iranzo (UU): Generalised Jacobians of modular curves and their Qrational torsion
Abstract: The Jacobian J0(N) of the modular curve X0(N) has received much attention within arithmetic geometry for its relation with cusp forms and elliptic curves. In particular, the group of Qrational points on X0(N) controls the cyclic Nisogenies of elliptic curves. A conjecture of Ogg predicted that, for N prime, the torsion of this group comes all from the cusps. The statement was proved by Mazur and later generalised to arbitrary level N into what we call generalised Ogg’s conjecture.
Consider now the generalised Jacobian J0(N)m with respect to a modulus m. This algebraic group also seems to be related to the arithmetic of X0(N) through the theory of modular forms. In the talk we will present new results that compute the Qrational torsion of J0(N) for N an odd integer with respect to a cuspidal modulus m. These generalise previous results of Yamazaki, Yang and Wei. In doing so, we will also discuss how our results relate to generalised Ogg’s conjecture.
 November 16, (HFG409) research talk by Francesca Carocci (EPFL): BPS invariant from non Archimedean integrals
Abstract: We consider moduli spaces of onedimensional semistable sheaves on del Pezzo and K3 surfaces supported on ample curve classes.
Working over a nonarchimedean local field F, we define a natural measure on the Fpoints of such moduli spaces. We prove that the integral of a certain naturally defined gerbe on the moduli spaces with respect to this measure is independent of the Euler characteristic.
Analogous statements hold for (meromorphic or not) Higgs bundles.
Recent results of MaulikShen and KinjoCoseki imply that these integrals compute the BPS invariants for the del Pezzo case and for Higgs bundles.
This is a joint work with Giulio Orecchia and Dimitri Wyss.
 October 26, (HFG409) research talk by Reinier Schmiermann: On Classifying Continuous Constraint Satisfaction Problems
Abstract: The computational complexity class of the existential theory of the reals contains problems which can be reduced to checking whether a system of polynomial equations has a solution over the real numbers. The complexity of a lot of problems in computational geometry turns out to be captured by this class (they are complete for this class). These completeness proofs often use the completeness of a specific Continuous Constraint Satisfaction Problem (CCSP) as an intermediate step. We attempt to give a more systematic analysis of the computational complexity of these CCSPs, and show that a large class of CCSPs is complete for the existential theory of the reals.
In this talk, I will give a introduction to computational complexity, the existential theory of the reals, and CCSPs. Then I will state our results, and give a sketch of the proof. This talk is based on joint work with Tillmann Miltzow.
 October 19, (HFG409) Carel Faber, preprint talk on "On the Chow and cohomology rings of moduli spaces of stable curves" by Canning and Larson, arXiv:2208.02357
 October 12 (HFG409), research talk by Remy van Dobben de Bruyn: A variety that cannot be dominated by one that lifts
Abstract: The recent proofs of the Tate conjecture for K3 surfaces over finite fields start by lifting the surface to characteristic 0. Serre showed in the sixties that not every variety can be lifted, but the question whether every motive lifts to characteristic 0 is open. We give a negative answer to a geometric version of this question, by constructing a smooth projective variety that cannot be dominated by a smooth projective variety that lifts to characteristic 0.
 October 5, research talk by Dusan Dragutinovic:
Computing binary curves of genus five
Abstract. In this talk, we will present algorithms used to determine, up to isomorphism over $\F_2$, all genus five curves defined over $\F_2$ (together with the sizes of their $\F_2$automorphism groups). Furthermore, we will discuss the outcome considering the Newton polygons of computed curves and mention the obtained stack count $\mathcal{M}_5(\F_2)$.
 September 21, Boaz Moerman, preprint talk on "Weak approximation and the Hilbert property for Campana points" by Nakahara and Streeter, arXiv:2010.12555
 July 6 (11:00  12:00, HFG611), research talk by Valentijn Karemaker
 June 28 (11:00  13:00, HFG611), research talk by Pol van Hoften
 June 22 (11:15, HFG610) Carolina Tamborini, "Punctual characterization of the unitary flat bundle of weight 1 PVHS and application to families of curves" by GonzálezAlonso and Torelli, arXiv:2101.03153
 June 8 (HFG610), Wilberd van der Kallen, "Frobenius Splittings", arXiv:1208.3100
 May 31 (HFG610), Dirk van Bree, "When are two HKR isomorphisms equal?" by Huang, arXiv:2205.04439
 May 25 (HGF610), Marta Pieropan, "Heights on stacks and a generalized BatyrevManinMalle conjecture" by Ellenberg, Satriano and ZureickBrown, arXiv:2106.11340
 May 9 (Duistermaat), Marta Pieropan, "Global Frobenius liftability I & II" by Achinger, Witaszek and Zdanowicz, arXiv:1708.03777 and arXiv:2102.02788
 March 7, Sebastián Carrillo Santana, "Values of zetaone functions at positive even integers" by Kobayashi and Sasaki, arXiv:2202.11835
 Feb. 28, Carolina Tamborini, "The ColemanOort conjecture: reduction to three key cases" by Moonen, arXiv:2201.11971
 Feb. 14, Boaz Moerman, "Tamagawa measures on universal torsors and points of bounded height on Fano varieties" by Salberger, article,
and "Compter des points d'une variété torique" by de la Bretèche, article
 Feb. 7, Sergej Monavari, "On the motive of the Quot scheme of finite quotients of a locally free sheaf" by Ricolfi, arXiv:1907.08123
 Jan. 24, Dirk van Bree, "Using the internal language of toposes in algebraic geometry" by Blechschmidt, arXiv:2111.03685
2021
 Nov. 29 (HFG611), Reinier Schmiermann, "Components and singularities of Quot schemes and varieties of commuting matrices" by Jelisiejew and Šivic, arXiv:2106.13137
 Nov. 22 (KBGAtlas), Dusan Dragutinovic, "The existence of supersingular curves of genus 4 in arbitrary characteristic" by Kudo, Harashita and Senda, arXiv:1903.08095
 Nov. 8, Dirk van Bree, "Unramified division algebras do not always contain Azumaya maximal orders" by Antieau and Williams, arXiv:1209.2216
 Nov. 1, Stefano Marseglia, "On matrices of endomorphisms of abelian varieties" by Zarhin, arXiv:2002.00290, and "Lattices in Tate modules" by Poonen and Rybakov, arXiv:2107.06363
 Oct. 11, Carel Faber, "A nonhyperelliptic curve with torsion Ceresa class" by Beauville, arXiv:2105.07160, and "A nonhyperelliptic curve with torsion Ceresa cycle modulo algebraic equivalence" by Beauville and Schoen, arXiv:2106.08390
 Oct. 4, Marta Pieropan, "Sums of four squareful numbers" by Shute, arXiv:2104.06966
